Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a complex and progressive disease that may lead to blindness if left untreated. Thus, early diagnosis is essential in order to limit or slow vision loss. The diagnosis of AMD is typically based on a routine dilated eye exam and information obtained from optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Unfortunately, diagnosing early-stage AMD can present a challenge because these patients are often asymptomatic, have good corrected visual acuity and a normal retina. Consequently, a routine vision test may not raise any suspicion of the disease.