Future of digital imaging
Smartphone devices can capture high-quality images (either with or without hardware attachments), but are limited with regard to field of view. Dedicated digital fundus cameras provide the highest quality images, and “are finally evolving” in the pediatric field.
Cost remains an issue, and will continue to limit the use and market penetration, Dr. Capone said. Ultra widefield imaging is not yet available. But any discussion on imaging would be “incomplete” without the mention of evolving optical coherence tomography (OCT) technologies, he said.
“OCT promises to bring depth to the current two dimensional construct,” Dr. Capone said, citing the work being done on 3D techniques for analyzing vascular findings by Cynthia Toth, MD, and colleagues at Duke University.
“There are early reports of ROP eyes imaged using both commercially available, and prototype OCT-angiography technology designed specifically for ROP” that are showing promise, he said.
Digital health technology “can reduce healthcare costs and improve access and outcomes for infants at risk for ROP,” he said. “More than 15 years ago, I spoke about the future of telemedicine. That future is now.”
1. Vartanian RJ, Besirli CG, Barks JD, et al. Trends in the Screening and Treatment of Retinopathy of Prematurity. Pediatrics.2017;139(1):e20161978